What are the first psychological aid and how we can provide it?

The first psychological aid aims to prevent further after the shock damage. It is essential to remain calm no worse
¿Qué son los Primeros Auxilios Psicológicos y cómo podemos proporcionarlos?
None of us is free from living or witness traumatic situations or disasters. It is for this reason why it is extremely important that we at least have knowledge of what they are the first psychological aid.
Let us imagine that we are conducting, and we have a traffic accident. At that moment, we stopped our car and assist persons involved, safeguarding their physical integrity and protecting them to stay in the hope that the ambulance arrives.
In this case, as you all know, we are talking about first aid medicalor physical. However, as we find physical emergency, can bump us with situations that require a brief and immediate emotional support. In those moments, a rescue that ensures the restoration of emotional stability and facilitates a continuous personal equilibrium conditions is necessary.
Since the distressing moments affect each person in a very different way, we can be with a wide range of reactions, feelings and emotions. People may feel dazed, overwhelmed, insecure and incredulous at what is happening, show an intense fear, escape, locked...
In addition, the severity of symptoms depends on many factors, both internal and external. Among others, notably the nature and scope of the stressful event, previous experience with distressing situations, social support is available, physical health, personal history and family, age (for example, children react very differently depending on the stage in which they are found) and culture.
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Then, what are the first psychological aid (PAP)?

Offer a first psychological aid means helping a person when you suffer and need help; i.e., it consists of support in a practical manner in crisis situations.
The set of actions that are carried out has as objective to make the person feel secure, connected with each other, calm and with hope, as well as provide social, physical and emotional support and feel able to help themselves.
A case of psychological emergency, must address the needs and concerns, listen to people, to comfort them and guide them so that they have access to the information and social services that will protect them of the coming dangers.

What are the first psychological aid?

In the same way that we have made it clear what they are, we have to clarify what are the PAP. We make them here briefly:
  • They are procedures that not only can provide by mental health professionals. The PAP can be applied by any person who has been properly trained to do so.
  • Start-up of the PAP does not ask someone to scan what has happened or to order events.
  • Nor is it to discuss the details of the event that has caused angst.
  • Although the PAP are to be available to listen to the stories of others, is not pressuring people to have their feelings and discuss their emotional reactions.
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Objectives of the implementation of the first psychological aid

In the PAP, we don't expect to get an ambulance real as such, but it is emotionally support the people who are impacted, given that they are in shock and are trying to understand what happened.
The main objective pursued is protect it from further damage during this period, calming the person as much as possible since the more increases the tension, most can aggravate damage and cause a worsening.

When and where should apply

While the people who have suffered some trauma need to continue accessing AIDS and support professionalizing for a long time after the event, paps focus on helping people whose involvement has been recent.
The scholars are agreed that, since the PAP is a technique of first response to a critical incident, should be applying them between the phase of shock and the adjustment period; i.e. from the impact up to 72 hours.
Place must be sufficiently quiet and away from exposure to trauma related. It is essential that it is a large place, away from the accident and to ensure privacy and confidentiality at all times.
Ideally, that a comfortable temperature, which is well-connected and that available food and professional assistance has. However, this is not always possible, so, first and foremost, must prevail the safety, comfort and the privacy of the persons concerned.

How do apply the PAP?

Now, in broad terms, how propose us to do it experts in the field:

1. How can we ensure security?

  • We will look for a venue away from the stressful situation. We must avoid to see, hear, smell or foresee everything related to the trauma.
  • We estabilizaremos to people who are disoriented or in shock.
  • We will offer, always and above all, honest and accurate information about the situation.
  • We will not subtract importance to what happened and not making false promises under any circumstances, as they will be wary of our ability empathic and understanding.
  • We will attend to the basic needs of food, beverage, medical assistance, etc.

2 how it promotes calm?

  • We'll talk slow, quiet and without fanfare. Must not dramatize.
  • We will listen to the people at their own pace, without forcing them to talk.
  • We will be friendly and sympathetic with people who behave in demanding, demanding, or irritating way.
  • We have repeated and simple information about where and how to obtain help.
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3. How are we going to provide social support?

  • Will meet family members or figures of support. In the case of children, it is very important to keep families coming near to the extent possible.
  • We will help those affected to contact support groups.
  • We will respect cultural norms and traditions in terms of gender, age, or family structure.
  • We will be offering religious assistance in its diversity, in accordance with the needs of those affected.

4. How can we promote self-efficacy and group effectiveness?

  • We will encourage to formulate the needs that they are imposed at the time.
  • We will support and foster decision-making. It must not resolve all the problems to those affected, because thus we invalidate them. We must promote the recovery of control of part of his life.
  • We normalizaremos emotions, feelings and the feelings you are experiencing.
  • We will promote, will favor and support the initiatives of the Association or group of persons.
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